Download PDF by Robert Shenk: America's Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and

By Robert Shenk

ISBN-10: 1612510531

ISBN-13: 9781612510538

ISBN-10: 168247187X

ISBN-13: 9781682471876

In a high-tempo sequence of operations in the course of the Black Sea, Aegean Sea and jap Mediterranean, a small American fleet of destroyers and different naval vessels answered ably to a number of significant overseas crises together with the final days of the Russian Revolution and the 1920-1922 Turkish Nationalist Revolution. officials and males of the navy's "four-piper" destroyers started by way of investigating situations at the flooring in mainland Turkey correct after global warfare I, and via transporting American reduction groups to ports all through Turkey and Southern Russia to help the tens of millions of orphans and refugees who had survived the wartime Armenian genocide.

Then the destroyers assisted within the ultimate evacuation of 150,000 White Russians from the Crimea to Constantinople (one of the ultimate acts of the Russian Revolution); coordinated the visits of the Hoover grain ships to ports in Southern Russia the place hundreds of thousands have been enduring a horrendous famine; witnessed and said at the poor dolorosa of the Greeks of the Pontus regious of Turkey; and, in September of 1922, performed the evacuation of millions of Greek and Armenian refugees from burning Smyrna. This latter occasion was once the cataclysmic end of the Turkish Nationalist Revolutino, which had began in early 1920.

After Smyrna, the destroyers escorted Greek steamers of their rescue of ethnic Christian civilians being expelled from all of the ports of Anatolian Turkey. because the end of an extended battle among Nationalist Turks and an invading Hellenic Greek military, those humans have been being compelled out in their ancestral houses by way of the Turks. occasionally American destroyers carried hundreds of thousands of such refugees to pleasant ports on their lonesome climate decks.

Upon the burning of Smyrna of September of 1922, Admiral Mark Bristol's small fleet had grown to a couple 26 naval vessels, so much of them destroyers, even though a few cruisers, naval fix vessels and provide ships additionally got here, and the battleships Arizona and Utah additionally seemed in brief. It used to be in the course of 1922 that the destroyer BAinbridge rescued 482 of 495 males, girls and youngsters from the burning French delivery Vinh lengthy in teh Sea of Marmora. The destroyer complete this by way of the expedient of ramming the massive French send so the exploding ammunition couldn't proceed to strength the vessels aside. For this motion, Lieut.Commander W. Atlee Edwards was once provided the Medal of Honor by means of the USA, and the Legion of Honor by way of France.

Over 4 years, Admiral Bristol maintained a robust grip on American naval and diplomatic affairs through the area. centered on the American Embassy at Constantinople, Bristol additionally labored to extra American enterprise pursuits in Turkey, and tended to prefer Turks over Greeks and Armenians within the method. Many americans have been confident that Bristol was once biased on behalf of the Turks, and 2 army captains risked their careers via conversing out approximately coming near near Turkish massacres that Bristol desired to hush up.

Show description

Read or Download America's Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919–1923 PDF

Best russian history books

Download PDF by Roger R. Reese: The Soviet Military Experience: A History of the Soviet

The Soviet army adventure is the 1st common paintings to put the Soviet military into its precise social, political and foreign contexts. It makes a speciality of the Bolshevik Party's goal to create a military of a brand new variety, whose objective was once either to guard the folks and propagate Marxist beliefs to the remainder of the realm.

Download e-book for iPad: Glasnost in Action (Routledge Revivals): Cultural by Alec Nove

First released in 1991, Glasnost in motion: Cultural Renaissance in Russia is a accomplished portrait of a society in transition as Professor Nove displays at the alterations occurring within the USSR at the moment. whereas in English, Glasnost capability ‘openness’, the writer questions what ‘openness’ truly ability within the USSR.

Download e-book for kindle: Longman Companion to Imperial Russia, 1689-1917 (Longman by David Longley

This is often the 1st booklet of its type to attract jointly info at the significant occasions in Russian historical past from 1695 to 1917 - masking the eventful interval from the accession of Peter the nice to the autumn of Nicholas II. not just is an enormous quantity of fabric on key occasions and subject matters introduced jointly, however the e-book additionally includes interesting historical past fabric to show the truth of existence within the interval.

The Idea of Russia: The Life and Work of Dmitry Likhachev - download pdf or read online

Dmitry Likhachev (1906-1999) was once essentially the most favourite Russian intellectuals of the 20th century. His existence spanned nearly the full century – a tumultuous interval which observed Russia movement from Tsarist rule lower than Nicholas II through the Russian Revolution and Civil battle into seven a long time of communism by way of Gorbachev’s Perestroika and the increase of Putin.

Extra resources for America's Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919–1923

Example text

Download PDF sample

America's Black Sea Fleet: The U.S. Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919–1923 by Robert Shenk

by James

Rated 4.81 of 5 – based on 33 votes